3 Writing Strategies to Use Evidence

Ways to help student use evidence to answer open-ended questions.
Ways to Help Students Read and Write

Answering open-ended response questions is an important task in third and fourth grades.  Looking for evidence is the key and organizing your thoughts. As the length of reading passages increases, many students struggle locate information. Teaching kids a “list of steps” and pairing it with an acronym helps students respond to a written article. Kids like acronyms because they are easy to remember. Three strategies to try in your classroom are: R.A.D., R.A.C.E and C.E.R.   

R.A.D. (Restate, Answer, Details)

  • RESTATE the questionto start the beginning of the answer.  
  • ANSWER the questionby going to your notes and looking for the answer. Read and circle any information that you have in your notes that will help you answer what is asked. 
  • DETAILS should be included from the text as evidence.

R.A.C.E (Restate, Answer, Cite, Explain)

  • RESTATE the question.in your topic sentence.
  • ANSWER the question that is being by including it in your topic sentence.
  • CITE evidence from the text to support your answer.
  • EXPLAIN how the evidence from the text supports your answer. 

C. E. R. (Claim, Evidence, Reasoning)

  • CLAIM – A statement that responds to the question being asked using words from the question.
  • EVIDENCE – Provide (facts) from the text as evidence to support your answer (claim). (No opinions, just the facts)
  • REASONING – Explain how these facts support your claim.  You may need to include background knowledge along with the facts to explain your reasoning.  

Using one of these strategies will help students answer open-ended questions.  It will also be helpful when students face high stakes testing. Having an acronym to hang on to will help reduce test anxiety.  

Isn't education ALL about reaching the kids?
Isn’t education ALL about reaching the kids?

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