Research has outlined 9 strategies that all good readers use to help comprehension. The 9 habits are organized around strategies to help comprehension before, during, and after reading a selection.
Before You Read:
Check it out! Students should check out a selection before reading to develop a “road map” for the selection. Students should look at titles preview headings and subheadings, examine illustrations and graphics and identify the kind of writing (genre).
Think about what you know about the subject. Think about what you already know so that you can use that information to make connections with what you read.
Decide what you need to know. Having a purpose for reading provides a focus for comprehension and helps readers distinguish between important and less important information.
While You Read:
Stop and Ask, “how does it connect to what you know?” To comprehend, readers must connect what they read to what they know.
Stop and ask, “Does it make sense?” Good readers stop periodically and see if what they have read makes sense.
Stop and ask, “If it doesn’t make sense, what can I do?” What separates good readers from those who struggle is the ability of good readers to try different strategies to fix their understanding when it breaks downs. Readers can reread, use context clues, look at graphics or check out summaries for clarification to help understanding.
After You Read:
React to what you have read. Good readers analyze what they have read and make connections between the text and their experiences.
Learning occurs in day to day activities. So, look for and create learning opportunities throughout your day. Stay safe and be well.