Kids start learning math the moment they start exploring the world. **Kids develop their math skills at different rates, but there are some math milestones in grades K-2 that most kids hit ROUGHLY in those grades. **Each skill—from identifying shapes to counting to finding patterns—builds on what kids already know.

**Kindergartners (Age 5 years)**

- Begin to understand basic time concepts, like morning or days of the week
- Add by counting the fingers on one hand—1, 2, 3, 4, 5—and starting with 6 on the second hand
- Identify the larger of two numbers and recognize numerals up to 20
- Understand the meaning of words like
*unlikely*or*possible* - Copy or draw symmetrical shapes
- Start using very basic maps to find a “hidden treasure”
- Follow multi-step directions that use words like
*first*and*next*

**First and Second Graders**

- Know the difference between two- and three-dimensional shapes and name the basic ones (cubes, cones, cylinders)
- Count to 100 by ones, twos, fives, and tens
- Do basic addition and subtraction up to 20
- Read and create a simple bar graph
- Predict what comes next in a pattern and create own patterns
- Recognize and know the value of coins
- Write and recognize the numerals 0 to 100, and the words for numbers from one to twenty

Don’t forget that THESE ARE BALLPARK AGES. Don’t worry if your child does not yet have all the skills listed for their age group. Every child is different and progress at their own rate. **Your child is on a lifelong learning journey with many stops along the way. Enjoy the journey and see where they have been and where they are going.**

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