The Concepts of Print (COP) assessment was created by Marie Clay (1993), The assessment includes items to assess a child’s knowledge of both print and written language skills. These two skills work together to help children learn to read and write.
Many students entering kindergarten understand that a book tells a story (the print has meaning). However, very few understand “how print works”. Concepts of Print (COP) skills involves kids knowing parts of a book (using the correct terms) and understanding the letter/writing concepts included. Since many parents and teachers read to children daily; why not add a few of the COP skills.
Concepts of Print (COP) in Daily Reading
Point to the Following Parts of the Book
- Front and back of the book.
- Top and bottom of a picture.
- Title Page.
- Author’s Name (define that the author writes the book).
- Illustrator’s name (define that the illustrator draws the pictures).
Show How to Read a Book
- A sentence is read from left to right.
- Pages are read from left to right.
- Point to each word while you read.
- Read pages from left to right.
- A story has a beginning and end.
Words and Writing in Books: Basics
- A capital letter is at the beginning of a sentence.
- Words and sentences have capital letters and lower case letters.
- Point out 1 word in a sentence, Point out 2 words.
- Point out that a word is made up of a group of letters.
- A comma explains to the reader that it tells the reader to pause or slowdown.
- There are punctuation marks at the end of a sentences (period, question mark, exclamation mark) Explain that the marks tell the reader how to read.
Research: Clay, M. M. (1993). An observation survey of early literacy achievement. Heinemann, 361 Hanover St., Portsmouth, NH 03801-3912.