Specifically Designed Instruction (SDI) strategies refer to the way teachers instruct students with learning disabilities and other types of learning needs (strengths and weaknesses). SDI’s help a child achieve their academic goals listed in their Individual Education Plan (IEP) as required by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).
SDI Strategies in Literacy
- Use books on tape, and books with large print and big spaces between lines.
- Provide a copy of class notes to student.
- Provide a quiet area for reading activities.
- Help students notice the letters in the environmental print that surrounds them.
- Announce reading assignments well in advance.
- Have students use both visual and auditory senses when reading text.
- Present material in small units.
- Use graphic organizers to connect ideas.
- Read and share stories with students.
- Provide students with chapter outlines or study guides that highlight key points in their reading.
- Offer to read written material aloud, when necessary.
- Allow alternative forms for book reports.
- Share informational texts and invite students to wonder about the new ideas presented.
- Point out ways in which reading is important in everyday life (e.g., on labels, instructions, and signs).
- Teach students how books are organized.
- Use stories that have predictable words and words that occur frequently in the text.
- Label objects in classroom.
- Engage students in activities that help them learn to recognize letters visually.
- Teach students to attend to the sounds in language.
- Model and demonstrate how to break short sentences into individual words.
- Have students clap out syllables and listen for and generate rhymes.
- Focus on activities that involve sounds of words, not on letters or spellings.
- Model specific sounds, and ask students to produce each sound in isolation.
Check out a great Guidance Document developed through the NYSED Regional Special Education Technical Assistance Support Center (RSE-TASC) which explains SDI and is a step by step resource to help teachers select the best strategies to meet student needs.
Learning occurs in day to day activities. So, look for and create learning opportunities throughout your day. Stay safe and be well.