Specifically Designed Instruction (SDI) refers to the teaching strategies and methods used by teachers to instruct students with learning disabilities and other types of learning needs (strengths and weaknesses). SDI’s help a child achieve their academic goals listed in their Individual Education Plan (IEP) as required by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).
- Delivered by a special education teacher or a related services provider.
- Provided in any location, if the location is consistent with the student’s IEP and the student’s least restrictive environment.
- Directly addresses the student’s IEP goals. Goals are designed to enable the students to achieve grade-level content standards and/or close the learning gap.
- Is planned, organized and meaningful and is delivered in an explicit, intentional, and systematic manner.
- It is specific instruction that is delivered to the individual student.
- Closely monitored to ensure that the intended results, i.e., a reduction in the learning gap, are being achieved.
- Addresses any area of individual need including academic, behavioral, social, communication and/or health.
- Does not involve lowering standards or expectations for the student.
Check out a great Guidance Document developed through the NYSED Regional Special Education Technical Assistance Support Center (RSE-TASC) which explains SDI and is a step by step resource to help teachers select the best strategies to meet student needs.
Learning occurs in day to day activities. So, look for and create learning opportunities throughout your day. Stay safe and be well.